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 Table of Contents  
LETTER TO EDITOR
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 303-304

Revised BG prasad socioeconomic status scale for the year 2022: Updation based on latest base year series 2016


Department of Community and Family Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Rishikesh, Uttarakhand, India

Date of Submission22-Apr-2022
Date of Decision02-May-2022
Date of Acceptance29-Jun-2022
Date of Web Publication28-Dec-2022

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Pradeep Aggarwa
Department of Community and Family Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Rishikesh, Uttarakhand
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/JME.JME_42_22

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How to cite this article:
Sharma N, Singh M, Bahurupi Y, Aggarwa P. Revised BG prasad socioeconomic status scale for the year 2022: Updation based on latest base year series 2016. J Med Evid 2022;3:303-4

How to cite this URL:
Sharma N, Singh M, Bahurupi Y, Aggarwa P. Revised BG prasad socioeconomic status scale for the year 2022: Updation based on latest base year series 2016. J Med Evid [serial online] 2022 [cited 2023 Feb 1];3:303-4. Available from: http://www.journaljme.org/text.asp?2022/3/3/303/365880



To the Editor,

The division of communities into several strata depending upon the sociodemographic features of individuals is known as social stratification.[1] It can assist in the identification of at-risk groups in society and the adoption of disease prevention measures for such groups.[1] The socioeconomic status (SES) of a person is an important indicator of his or her well-being.[2] SES refers to a person's or a family's social status.[3] SES incorporates money, education, occupation, family effluences, social involvement and political control making it capable of determining a person's economic and social position.[3] This scale combines social and economic characteristics into a single platform, reducing ambiguity and facilitating the development of important primary healthcare metrics.[2]

The BG Prasad scale, Rahudkar scale, Kulshrestha scale, Udai Pareek scale, Jalota scale, Kuppuswamy scale and Bharadwaj scale are some of the most extensively used and well-acknowledged SES scales.[2]

BG Prasad SES is the most commonly used SES scale for identifying persons by SES. It is dynamic and is based on the consumer price index (CPI).[4]

The CPI for industrial workers (CPI-IW) is used to update scales regularly.[2] CPI is a cumulative total of prices for a set of goods and services. The CPI is commonly used as a proxy for inflation. The CPI figures are calculated using a base year, and the Labour Bureau updates them monthly. The change in income ranges is proportionate to the change in IW CPI values.[3]

The socioeconomic scale developed by BG Prasad was first published in 1961 and was amended in 1968 and 1970 and solely takes into account monthly per capita income which may be used for both urban and rural populations.[4]

[Table 1] shows the updated BG Prasad SES scale for February 2022, derived using the CPI value (125).[5]
Table 1: Updated BG Prasad's socioeconomic classification (February 2022)


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Thus, the ability of policymakers to comprehend the accessibility of the public and their buying power for healthcare requires socioeconomic classification of the population based on current price indices.[3] As a result, the BG Prasad scale, which is frequently used to assess SES, has been revised to include the most recent CPI (IW) February 2022 numbers.

Calculation of new income value for the updated BG Prasad socioeconomic classification 2022

New income value = Multiplication factor × old income × 4.63 × 4.93 × 2.88

Whereas multiplication factor = Current consumer price index for industrial worker/base index value in 2016 (i.e., 100)

Example:

Consumer price index numbers for industrial workers − CPI (IW) for February 2022 is 125 (5)

Multiplication factor = 125/100 = 1.25

New income value = Multiplication factor × old income value × 4.63 × 4.93 × 2.88

= 1.25 × 15 × 4.63 × 4.93 × 2.88

= 1232.5.

Therefore, by rounding it off, it comes out to be 1233 for lower class (class V).

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.



 
  References Top

1.
Tabassum N, Rao RL. An Update on BG Prasad's socio-economic classification. Journal of Medical Pharmaceutical and Allied Sciences (March_2017). 2017 Mar 5;670:673.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Majumder S. Socioeconomic status scales: Revised Kuppuswamy, BG Prasad, and Udai Pareekh's scale updated for 2021. J Family Med Prim Care 2021;10:3964-7.  Back to cited text no. 2
  [Full text]  
3.
Sahu M, Das A, Chattopadhyay B, Paul B, Bhattacharyya M. Revised socioeconomic status scales for the year 2021: Updation based on latest base year series 2016. D Y Patil J Health Sci 2021;9:22-6.  Back to cited text no. 3
  [Full text]  
4.
Dalvi TM, Khairnar MR, Kalghatgi SR. An update of B.G. Prasad and Kuppuswamy socio-economic status classification scale for Indian population. Indian J Pediatr 2020;87:567-8.  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.
Government of India. Construction and Maintenance of Index Numbers. Available from: http://www.labourbureau.nic.in. [Last accessed on 2022 Apr 12].  Back to cited text no. 5
    



 
 
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