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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 224-230

An appraisal of knowledge, attitude and practices of anganwadi workers under integrated child development services scheme on infection prevention and control in the initial months of COVID-19 pandemic in District Lucknow, UP, India

1 Associate Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Dr. RMLIMS, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Assistant Director, NIPCCD, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
3 Research Fellow, GRID Council, Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India
4 Director, GRID Council, Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Manish Kumar Singh
Flat 901, Faculty Residential Apartment, Dr. RMLIMS, Vibhuti Khand, Gomti Nagar, Lucknow - 226 010, Uttar Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/JME.JME_34_22

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Background: During the COVID-19 pandemic, Anganwadi workers (AWWs) were repositioned for community support, community surveillance, community awareness on infection prevention and mitigating stigma/discrimination entailing infection, going door to door. The job entailed good knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP) with regard to infection prevention and control (IPC). Aims: To assess the KAP of AWW with regard to IPC in context of COVID-19 in Lucknow district. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted using Google form between 30 June and 28 July 2020. AWWs were recruited from Lucknow district irrespective of their training status; data analysis was done on 137 participants. The mean KAP score was calculated and student t-test was applied. Chi-square test was performed between categorical variables and KAP. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression was applied between independent and dependent variables. Results: The mean score of knowledge was 7.22 ± 2.64, attitude was 4.34 ± 1.14 and practice was 4.44 ± 1.11. There was a significant difference between good and poor score for KAP. Participants with older age, good knowledge and attitude scores were more likely to have good practices. Conclusion: AWWs had good attitude and practices, but lacked adequate knowledge on IPC measures. Ensuring training for AWW on IPC is important.

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