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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 134-140

Evaluation of birth preparedness and complication readiness index among women of central India: A community-based survey of slums

1 Department of Community Medicine, Pt. J.N.M. Medical College, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India
2 Department of Anatomy, Pt. J.N.M. Medical College, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Tripti Chandrakar
Department of Community Medicine, Pt. J.N.M. Medical College, Opposite Jail Road, Raipur - 492 001, Chhattisgarh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/JME.JME_59_22

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Background: Chhattisgarh is one of the worst performing states of India in terms of maternal mortality ratio figures. Slums carry the unfortunate burden of maximum maternal deaths. Birth Preparedness and Complication Readiness(BPCR) advocates planning of birth and being ready for any obstetric complications. Aim: To evaluate the BPCR index among first and second trimester pregnant women and those delivered within 6 months living in urban slums of Raipur city. Methods: A population-based, cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted among 160 pregnant and 70 recently delivered women residing in urban slums of Raipur city selected by multistage random sampling using an interview method. BPCR index was calculated using Johns Hopkins Program for International Education in Gynaecology and Obstetrics guidelines. BPCR components were correlated for any association with sociodemographic variables of the participants using Z test. Results: BPCR index came out to be 34.1%, which was very low. Factors associated with ≥4 antenatal care visits were general category women (P = 0.0375) and homemakers (P = 0.0057). Identifying skilled provider was higher in educated women (P = 0.0001), those with educated husbands (P = 0.0085), working (P = 0.0167) and with higher socioeconomic status (P = 0.0013). Saving money for childbirth was more among general category (P = 0.0067), educated (P = 0.0094) and women with low socioeconomic status (P = 0.0004). Conclusions: BPCR index of the study area was found to be very low.

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