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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 92-95

Study of pre-analytical errors in haematology laboratory: A single-centre experience

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Rishikesh, Uttarakhand, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Harish Chandra
Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Rishikesh - 249 201, Uttarakhand
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/JME.JME_48_20

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Aims and Objectives: Total quality management is an essential component of laboratory to maintain quality and includes pre-analytical, analytical and post-analytical phases. Pre-analytical phase starts from ordering investigation by the clinician till it is analysed in the laboratory. It is essential that a pathologist is aware of the confounding factors that may lead to pre-analytical errors with the knowledge of reducing them to improve the quality of the lab. The present study was conducted to evaluate the pre-analytical errors in the haematology laboratory and steps taken to minimise it. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted in the Haematology Laboratory of Pathology Department, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Rishikesh, over a period of 4 years and included all the blood samples analysed in the lab. The pre-analytical variables including requisition form, patient preparation, labelling, sample collection, quality and transportation were analysed for the errors along with the corrective actions taken to minimise them. Results: A total of 25,15,583 investigations were received in the haematology laboratory over a period of 4 years. The total errors observed in the haematology lab in pre-analytical phase were 13,031 comprising 0.51% of total haematological investigations during the study period. The most common error observed was due to clotted sample (40.3%), followed by haemolysed samples (15%) and incomplete or wrongly filled requisition forms (10%). Conclusion: Pre-analytical phase forms an integral part of total quality management system and its analysis is essential to minimise the errors in haematology lab. The quality of blood sample with completely filled requisition forms and prompt transportation of sample to the lab are essential components to avoid pre-analytical errors. In addition, continuous training and acknowledgement of non-conformance with root cause analysis is the basic key for reducing errors and improving quality of haematology lab.

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